Thousands of dangerous goods are shipped across Australia every day. The transport of hazardous, infectious or biological substances has detailed regulations and specific compliance issues for both domestic and international shipping by Air, Road and Sea.
The successful application of these regulations is greatly dependent on the appreciation by those involved in handling and preparing dangerous goods of the risks involved in transportation. The dangerous goods training that is mandated under various local and international codes is key to achieving a detailed understanding and ensuring the protection of workers, the general public, and environment, so that goods manage to reach their destinations safely.
The transportation of dangerous goods by air is governed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and IATA, and the regulations they have put in place are a worldwide legal requirement enforced by CASA (Australian Civil Aviation Safety Authority) in Australia.
The Sub-Section 1.5 of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) details the requirements and minimum aspects that must be included in a training program. It is important to note that different categories of staff require different training and that it must always be commensurate with their responsibilities.
Responsibility is placed on all parties involved in air transport, including shippers, freight forwarders, ground service providers and airlines which means any employees in those industries that may be involved in the transportation, acceptance or handling of dangerous goods must receive certification inappropriate training.
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The transportation of infectious substances by air is regulated under Part 92 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations (1998) relating to dangerous goods training.
If your staff are involved in or supervise an individual, packing dangerous goods classed as infectious and biological substances for transport by air then they must receive certification. This includes enclosing the goods in packaging, marking and labelling the consignment, and preparing a shipper’s declaration.
Classes of dangerous goods covered includes biological and infectious substances, and other dangerous goods when packed with these substances including:
This training only qualifies you to ship infectious and biological substances. It does not qualify you for dangerous goods outside these categories and you will not be able to consign other categories of dangerous goods as airfreight without additional training. See our DG by Air course for additional training that covers other classes of goods.
The transportation of dangerous goods by sea is controlled by international regulations, under the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) code, which includes Mandatory Training Requirements under Chapter 1.3
As with other transport regulations, anyone involved in packing and shipping of dangerous goods is required to undertake training and certification. In addition, under the IMDG codes those responsible for following areas are also required to receive training:
The IMDG code is regulated in Australia by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority AMSA. For full information regarding training requirements please refer to the IMDG code.
The transportation of dangerous goods by road is regulated under the Australian Dangerous Goods Code (the ADG Code) which is maintained and updated by The National Transport Commission
Each State and Territory implements the updated ADG Code and associated updates to their dangerous goods transport regulations separately. Businesses must comply with their state / territory specific act/regulations and the ADG Code. While the code doesn’t enforce mandatory certification there are many practical requirements under the ADG code for the correct handling and shipping of dangerous goods by road that make it necessary for those working for shippers, trucking companies, and consolidators to go through training.
To obtain a copy of each State and Territory’s dangerous goods transport act and regulations visit the Department of Infrastructure.
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